History of Green Art
Robert Smithson is recognized as one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century. Smithson, who was born in 1938 and died in 1973, was a seminal figure in the art form that became known as earthworks or land art. He radically redefined notions of sculpture through his writings and projects. Among his most important and well-known works are Spiral Jetty (1970), a monumental earthwork located in the Great Salt Lake, Utah, and Partially Buried Woodshed (1970) at Kent State University in Ohio. Smithson's critical writings have had an equally profound impact on contemporary art and theory.
"Earth Tear" by Marta Thoma, Recycled Bottle Art
Environmental Art Resources: Books and Catalogs
Environmental Books 2000-2004
Alexander, Christopher. Pattern Language: An association of people from all walks of life, with architects and builders we are rebuilding our neighborhoods. We are slowly rebuilding the earth. Web site of the much respected and prolific author, philosopher and architect listing his publications to date and other projects and insights. Research and writings pursue sustainable living, humane architecture and wholeness thinking. Luminous Ground (2004 ) is his most recent book on architecture, philosophy and cosmology, one of the Nature of Order series begin in 2002 and published by Alexander's Center for Environmental Structure, Berkeley, California.
Becker, Carol. Surpassing the Spectacle: Global Transformations and the Changing Politics of Art. Lanham, Boulder, New York and Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2002. An anthology of essays published within a 5-year period in the author's search for transcending human ambivalence with the reintegration of art as a way to "reestablish meaning for seriously compromised words such as humane and accountability...". The author is inspired by Guy Debord's Society of the Spectacle (..."The spectacle isn't the world of vision, it is is the vision of the world permeated by the powers of domination...") as a taking off point for the discussion, with post-9/11 commentary included just before the book was about to go to press. Of note is a chapter on Art and Ecology ( the integration of art into life and critical for survival).
Boettger, Suzaan. Earthworks : Art and the Landscape of the Sixties. Berkeley : University of California Press, 2002. Durham, Jimmie and Alves, Maria Thereza. "Expanding Confusions: Native Americans and Ecology" in American Visions=Visiones de las Americas: Artistic Identity in the Western Hemisphere. New York: ACA Books in association with Arts International: Allworth Press, 1994.
Ecological Aesthetics: Art in Environmental Design : Theory and Practice. Initiated by Herman Prigann ; edited by Heike Strelow in co-operation with Vera David. Basel ; Boston : Birkhäuser, 2004. Table of contents: Jochen Boberg. About the rebirth of a world view -- Heike Strelow. A dialogue with ongoing processes -- Massimo Venturi Ferriolo.
Landscape ethics -- Jale Erzen. Ecology, art, ecological aesthetics -- Vera David . Poetic spaces -- Herman Prigann. Prologue--thoughts about nature -- Amy Lipton und Patricia Watts. Ecoart : ecological art -- Alfio Bonanno, Jackie Brookner, Susan Leibowitz Steinman. Materials -- Peter Finke.
On the heritage of nature in culture -- dialogue between Jacques Leenhardt and Herman Prigann. Ecological aesthetics or aesthetic ecology -- Udo Weilache. Ecological aesthetics in landscape architecture today? -- Jörg Dettmar.
Ecological and aesthetic aspects of succession on derelict industrial sites -- Werner Schenkel.
The metabolism of a society and its aesthetic design -- Timothy Collins.
Art and science : perspectives and ways of an ecological aesthetic -- Marta González del Tánago and Diego García de Jalón.
Ecological aesthetics of river ecosystem restoration -- Malcolm Miles.
Aesthetics and engagement : interested interventions -- Herman Prigann. Integrative conversion : the TERRA NOVA project -- Hildegard Kurt.
Aesthetics of sustainability -- Klaus Töpfer. Art and ecology : from the point of view of cultural politics.
Engler, Mira. Designing America's Waste Landscapes. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. Landscape architect and scholar examines waste landscapes in America in historic and cultural contexts. Table of Contents: Contemplating Waste: Theories and Constructs; Private Landscapes of Waste; Public Landscapes of Waste: Dumps: Centers of Waste Treatment, Research and Education, Waste Recycling/ Reuse Instititions: Places of Material Transactions and Resource Parks, Sewage Treatment Plants: Wastewater Gardens; Challenges for Thought and Action.
Green, Charles. The Third Hand: Collaboration in Art from Conceptualism to Postmodernism. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Theoretical and documentary, an examination of selected artistic collaborations from the late 1960's to the early 1980's (land art, fieldwork, performance, sculpture and installation, conceptualism...) in a move from "the simple paradigm of the single lone artist." Divided into three parts: Collaboration as Administration, Collaboration Anonymity and Partnership, and Collaboration and the Third Hand.
Contents of this book include: Art by Long Distance: Joseph Kosuth. Conceptual Bureaucracy: Ian Burn, Mel Ramsden, and Art and Language. Memory, Ruins, and Archives: Boyle family. Memory Storage: Anne and Patrick Poirier. Memory and Ethics: Helen Mayer Harrison and Newton Harrison. Negotiated Identity: Christo and Jeanne-Claude. Eliminating Personality: Gilbert & George. Missing in Action: Marina Abramovic and Ulay. Doubles, Doppelgängers, and the Third Hand.
Grande, John K. Art Nature Dialogues: Interviews with Environmental Artists. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2004 The author interviews some well-known artists who work in the environment or with the environment as a theme.
Artists works are illustrated by some good black and white photographs. Table of contents:David Nash, Real Living Art-- Patrick Dougherty, Yardworking-- Gilles Bruni and Marc Barbarit, Eco-Habitat-- Jerilea Zempel, Ephemeral Public Art-- Alfio Bonanno, In Nature's Eyes-- Doug Buis, Mechanical Botanical-- Michael Singer, Designing with Nature-- The Vegetal (and Mineral) World(s) of Bob Verschueren. -- Nils-Udo. Nature Visions-- Mario Reis, Riverwork-- Bill Vazan, Cosmological Shadows-- Hamish Fulton, No Walk, No Work!-- Egil Martin Kurdøl, The Spike-- Betty Beaumont, Culture Nature Catalyst-- Alan Sonfist, Natural Cultural-- Peter von Tiesenhausen, Ship of Life-- Reinhard Reitzenstein, Earth in Context-- Ursula von Rydingsvard, Earthbound Mystery-- Mike MacDonald, Healing Gardens-- Herman de Vries, chance and change-- Chris Drury, The Heart of the Matter.
What is Art? Conversation with Joseph Beuys. East Sussex: Clairview Books, 2004
One Place After Another : Site-specific Art and Locational Identity. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 2002 A critical history of site-specific art beginning in the 1960's and exploring "the complex cipher of the unstable relationship between location and identity in the era of late capitalism." McDonough, William and Michael Braungart.
Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. New York : North Point Press, 2002. Waste = bad design and smart growth are just a few of the theories and practices explored in this already classic book.
Environmental Art Books 1990-1999
Art and Art History: Books: 1990-1999
Beardsley, John. Earthworks and Beyond: Contemporary Art in the Landscape. 3rd edition. New York: Abbeville Press, 1998.
Visions of America: Landscapes as Metaphor in the Twentieth Century. Denver, CO: Denver Museum of Art ; Columbus OH,: Columbus Museum of Art. Harry N. Abrams, dist., 1994.
Table of contents for the above book include: As far as the eye can see / Martin Friedman -- Gardens of history, sites of time / John Beardsley -- Landscape as cinema : projecting America / Lucinda Furlong -- Archipelago landscape / John R. Stilgoe -- The passing of the great space / Neil Harris -- Elements of a new landscape / Rebecca Solnit -- Mel Chin / John Beardsley -- Lewis deSoto ; Richard Misrach / Rebecca Solnit -- Matt Mullican / Michael Tarantino -- Judy Pfaff / John Yau -- Martin Puryear / Adam D. Weinberg -- Edward Ruscha / John Beardsley -- Ursula von Rydingsvard / Adam D. Weinberg -- Alison Saar / John Beardsley -- Mark Tansey / Michael Kelly-- James Turrell / John Beardsley -- Bill Viola / Lucinda Furlong -- Meg Webster/ John Beardsley.
Designing the Earth: The Human Impulse to Shape Nature. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1995. Bourdon, David.
Asian Perceptions of Nature and Art: A Critical Approach. Bruun, Ole and Kalland, Arne. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1995. (Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Studies in Asian Topics, No. 18). Flam, Jack, ed. Robert Smithson: The Collected Writings. Berkely, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1996 (by the estate of Robert Smithson).
The expanded and revised edition of Nancy Holt's, The Writings of Robert Smithson published in 1979 by New York Unversity Press. Includes published and un-published writings in prose and poetry, interviews, a few selected letters and a glossary of names of art-related people who interviewed R. Smithson or figure prominently in the writings or interviews.
Drury, Chris. Found Moments in Time and Space. New York: Abrams, 1998.
Gablik, Suzi. Conversations Before The End of Time. New York; London: Thames and Hudson, 1995.
Gablik, Suzi. The Reenchantment of Art. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1991.
Grande, John K. Balance: Art and Nature. Montreal: Black Rose Books, 1994.
Grande, John K. Intertwining: Landscape, Technology, Issues, Artists. Montreal and New York: Black Rose Books, 1998.
Higuchi, Shoichiro. Water as Environmental Art: Creating Amenity Space. Tokyo: Kashiwashobo, 1991.
Hodges, Nicola, editor. Art and the Natural Environment. London: Academy Editions, Ltd., 1994. (Art & Design Profile Series, No. 36).
Kastner, Jeffrey and Wallis, Brian. Land and Environmental Art. London: Phaidon Press, 1998.
Surveys well-known, post-1945 "land" artists. The book is organized by various artistic approaches to the land and the concepts of inception, integration, interruption, involvement, implementation, imagining and illumination.
Kemal, Salim and Gaskell, Ivan. Landscape, Natural Beauty, and the Arts. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Korp, Maureen. Sacred Art of the Earth: Ancient and Contemporary Earthworks. New York: Continuum, 1997.
Lippard, Lucy. Lure of the Local: Senses of Place in a Multicentered Society. New York : New Press, 1997.
Oakes, Baile. Sculpting with the Environment: A Natural Dialogue. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1995. An excellent account of thirty-five contemporary artists working in urban and rural public settings, who have sought a symbiotic relationship to the earth. Artists describe their work in detail with many photographs. Insightful introductory essays and afterword by the author and other contributors such as Suzi Gablik and Frijof Capra.
Ryan, Paul. Video Mind, Earth Mind: Art, Communications and Ecology. New York: P. Lang, 1993.
Shapiro, Gary. Earthwards: Robert Smithson and Art After Babel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
Stam, Herd. Crop Art and Other Earthworks. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1994.
Tiberghien, Gilles A. Land Art. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1995.
Wolff, Janet. The Social Production of Art. 2nd edition. Washington Square, N.Y. : New York University Press, 1993
Environmental Art Books 1980-1989
Havlice, Patricia Pate. Earth Scale Art: A Bibliography, Directory of Artists and Index to Reproductions. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, 1984.
Sonfist, Alan, ed. Art in the Land: A Critical Anthology of Environmental Art. New York: Dutton, 1983.
Art and Art History: Books: 1970-1979 Beardsley, John. Probing the Earth: Contemporary Land Projects. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1977.
Benthall, Jonathan. "The Relevance of Ecology" in Battock, Gregory. Idea Art : A Critical Anthology. New York: Dutton, 1973.
Fundaburk, Emma Lila. Art in the Environment in the United States: A Book of 600 Photographs of Art in Architectural, Natural, Historic and Modern Settings Across the Nation. Luverne, Ala.: Fundaburk, 1975.Locher, J.L. Mark Boyle's Journey to the Surface of the Earth. Stuttgart : Edition Hansjorg Mayer, 1978.
Gussow, Alan. A Sense of Place: The Artist and the American Land. San Francisco: Friends of the Earth, 1972.
Henri, Adrian. Total Art: Environments, Happenings and Performance. New York: Praeger, 1974.
Locher, J.L. Mark Boyle's Journey to the Surface of the Earth. Stuttgart, London: Edition Hansjorg Mayer, 1978.
Journey to the Surface of the Earth became the life work of Scottish sculptor, performance artist and painter, Boyle collaborating with his wife Joan Hills and in beginning in the1980's children, Georgia and Sebastian.
Popper, Frank. Art--Action and Participation. New York: New York University Press, 1975.
Smithson, Robert (edited by Nancy Holt). The Writings of Robert Smithson. New York: New York University Press, 1979. Note: A second revised edition of N. Holt's efforts was published in 1996 and edited by Jack Flam in Robert Smithson the Collected Writings (cited above).
Environmental Art Books before 1969
Art and Art History: Books: 1960-1969
Kaprow, Allan. Assemblage, Environments & Happenings. New York; H.N. Abrams, 1966.
Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964. A classic text including many literary and art examples in an examination of the development of the pastoral aesthetic/ideal in the American experience which included awe, confusion and/or opposition in the face of rapid industrial growth.
Art and Art History: Books: Before 1960
Mumford, Lewis. The Brown Decades: A Study of the Arts in America, 1865-1895. New York, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1931.
Environmental Art Exhibitions and Catalogs
This section lists group or survey exhibitions. Individual exhibition catalogs are included very selectively if considered to contribute significantly to contemporary eco/environmental art dialog.
Art and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs: 1990-2003
Aquilino, Joy, ed. Art for Survival. The Illustrator and the Environment = Der Illustrator und die Umwelt=L 'illustrateur et l'environment. Zurich,Switzerland: Graphis Press, 1992. Curated by Charlotte Brads. Other contributors: Ray Bradbury, Noel Brown, Tom Cruise, Wendell Minor. Sponsored by the United Nations Environmental Program in cooperation with the Earth Island Institute and the Society of Illustrators, Inc. Art Gallery of Hamilton and Musee d'Art Contemporain de Montreal.
Trevor Gould : Posing for the Public : The World as Exhibition = Trevor Gould : Poser pour le Public : le Monde comme Exposition. Hamilton, Ont. : Art Gallery of Hamilton ; Montréal, Québec : Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, 2003. A thoughtful catalog accompanying this travelling exhibition about Gould's examination of the 'other' in the context of "western reproductions of nature and progress of colonial power." Also discusses the killing of animals for arts, entertainment and scientific purposes. Ends with an interview of the artist by Gary Dault. (md) Contents (bilingual in French and English) include: Trevor Gould : posing for the public Sandra Grant Marchand -- The world on stage : the art of Trevor Gould / Shirley Madill -- The open sky enclosed : re-presenting the world as exhibition / Anne Clendinning -- Nature's disquiet/ Curtis Joseph Collins -- Look but don't touch : the role of tactility in an era of visual excess / Celeste Olalquiaga -- Exhibit A : The pose / Johanne Lamoureaux -- Trevor Gould : a meeting in Montreal / Gary Michael Dault.
Bluhm, Andreas and Lippincott, Louise. Light! The Industrial Age 1750-1900 Art & Science, Technology & Society. The Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Oct 2000-Feb2001) and the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh (Apr-July 2001),. London: Thames and Hudson, 2000. A history of the human exploration and manipulation of light at the rise of the Industrial Age in England and Western Europe in an attempt to show how light was used and perceived then, whereby inviting reflection on how we use and think of light now. Ninety-five one-page essays range from light as a source of wonder to one of hell.
The exhibition of art, scientific and industrial objects, corresponds to themes on: A Ray of Light -- optics and physics beginning with Sir Isaac Newton; The Light of Nature -- natural light as observed and explained by artists and scientists beginning with the "Enlightenment"; Makers of Light -- new lighting technologies and power; Personal Lights -- lighting for the home and Public Lighting. Without a subject index (except for a named person index) one must peruse each essay for interesting emotional, environmental, social, symbolic, spiritual and political tidbits. The writers have provided a good introduction on their intent, their methodology, and thinking on the subject of light and it's history. Includes a timeline of selected related events from 1675-1905.
Boucher, Renaud and Confi-d'Arts Inc. 2000 Moins 7 Espaces d'Amerique: Un Evenement en Arts Visuels sur le Theme de l'Environment. Montreal: Confi-d'arts, 1993. Boym, Per Bj. Robert Smithson Retrospective: Works: 1955-1973. Traveling exhibition organized and published in association with the National Museum of Contemporary Art, Oslo; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; and Arken Museum of Modern Art, Ishoj, 1999.
Ecovention: Current Art to Transform Ecologies. Sue Spaid and Amy Lipton, curators. Cincinnati: The Contemporary Arts Center and greenmuseum.org; ecoartspace, 2002. Published on the occasion of the exhibition held at the Contemporary Arts Center, June9 -August 18. This well-designed catalog represents the work of eco-artists active today in chapters devoted to: activism to publicize ecological issues/monitoring ecological problems, valuing anew/living with brownfields, biodiversity/accomodating species/studying species depletion, urban infrastructure/environmental justice, reclamation and restoration aesthetics.Includes an array of images and quotes, a short history of "ecoventions", artists philosophical statements, a glossary of eco-terms and short essays in a section called "critical diversity." True to its theme the catalog was produced with 100% recycled non-chlorinated papers (50% post-consumer waste) with an"environmental benefits statement" calculating how many trees, gallons of water, electricity, cubic yards of solid waste and greenhouse gases were saved by the process.
Emerson Gallery, Hamilton College. Listening to the Earth: Artists and the Environment. Clinton, NY: Emerson Gallery,1995. Artists exhibited: Janet Culbertson, Alan Gussow,Maren Hassinger, Gillian Jagger, Bobbi Mastrangelo, Karen Shaw
Gallery Route One. What Have We Got to Lose? Artists and the Environmental Crisis. Point Reyes Station, Calif., 1990. Published in conjunction with art exhibitions and other events in Point Reyes Station.
Gelburd, Gail Enid. Creative Solutions to Ecological Issues. New York: Council for Creative Projects; Philadelphia: dist. by University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993. Traveling exhibition starting from the Dallas Museum of Natural History. Foreward by Al Gore.
Goldstein, Anna and Rorimer, Anne. Reconsidering the Object of Art: 1965-1975. Los Angeles : Museum of Contemporary Art ; [Distributed by] Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1995. An overview of the Conceptual Art movement (including earth art, performance art, body art, etc.) which questioned the tradition of art as object and began exploring art as idea, process and/or experience. The seed of awareness through experience influenced the emergence of ecologically aware art, which would became full blown by the early 1990's.
Grynsztejn, Madeleine. About Place: Recent Art of the Americas: the 76th American Exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, Ill: Art Institute of Chicago; New York, 1995.
Heartney, Eleanor. From Destruction to Reclamation: Art and the Environment in the Nineties: Mel Chin, David T. Hanson and Jarrad Powell, Dominique Mazeaud, Richard Misrach. Winston-Salem, N.C.: Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, 1993. Institute for Contemporary Art and P.S.1 Museum.
Theatergarden Bestiarium: The Garden as Theater as Museum. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1990. Exhibition organized by Chris Dercon.
International Triennial Ecology and Art (4th). 4. Mednarodni Trienale Ekologija in Umetnost. Maribor, Slovenia: Umetnostna Galerija Maribor, 1992.
Leeds City Art Gallery. Andy Goldsworthy: A Collaboration With Nature. London and New York: Viking and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Matilsky, Barbara C.
Fragile Ecologies: Contemporary Artists Interpretations and Solutions. New York: Rizzoli International, 1992. Published in conjunction with the exhibition at the Queens Museum of Art, New York.
Musee de la Civilization. Marie-Charlotte DeKonick, curator(?). Foret Verte, Planete Bleue. Saint-Laurent, Quebec, 1995.
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico, Sala Jose Juan Tablada. Lesa Natura: Reflexiones Sobre Ecologia. El Museo: Grupo de los Cien: Cemex: Sedesol: La Vaca Independiente, 1993.
Nairne, Sandy and Ferguson, Bruce. Space Invaders: Essays. Regina: Sask.: Mackenzie Art Gallery,University of Regina, 1985.
Natural Reality: Artistic Positions Between Nature and Culture/Kunstlerische Positionen Swischen Natur und Kultur. (Heike Strelow, curator). Ludwig Forum fur Internationale Kunst, Stuttgart: DACO, 1999.
Public Art Fund. Public Art Fund's Urban Paradise: Gardens in the City. Artists' Proposals for Gardens in the Urban Environment. James M. Clark and Tom Eccles, curators. Paine Webber Art Gallery, New York, 1994.
South Bank Centre and Hayward Gallery, London. Richard Long: Walking in Circles. London: South Bank Centre, 1991.
Wereldtuinbouwtentoonstelling Floriade (World Horticultural Exhibition Floriade) Zoetermeer, The Netherlands and Jan Brand et.al, ed. Allocaties: Kunst voor een Natuurlijke en Kunstmatige Omgeving=Allocations: Art for a Natural and Artificial Environment, 1992.
Art and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs: 1980-1989
Alternative Museum. Endangered Species : Ecological Commentaries. New York, NY : The Museum, 1987. From the series: The Artist as Catalyst. Artists include: Petah Coyne, Ming Fay, Frank Gillette, Greenpeace, Michael Hall, Radovan Kraguly , Ronald Leax, Maxilla & Mandible, Margot McLean, Mark Milloff, SITE Projects Inc., Violet Ray, Dustin Shuler, Alan Sonfist, Gunter Weseler.
Association des Femmes Diplomees des Universites. Femmes de Parole et Ecologie: Art Actuel, 1988. Maison de la Culture Cote-des-Neiges,1988. Montreal: Association des Femmes Diplomees des Universites, 1988.
Auping, Michael. Common Ground: Five Artists in the Florida Landscape: Hamish Fulton, Helen and Newton Harrison, Michael Singer, Alan Sonfist. Sarasota, Fla.: John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, 1982.
Davies, Hugh Marlais. Sitings: Alice Aycock, Richard Fleischner, Mary Miss, George Trakas. La Jolla, Calif.: La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, 1986. (Travelling to Dallas Museum of Art and the High Museum of Art, Atlanta).
Edith Blum Art Institute, Bard College Center. Landmarks: New Site Proposals by Twenty-Two Original Pioneers of Envrionmental Art. New York: Annandale-on-Hudson: The Institute,1984.
Fuchs, R.H. . Richard Long. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1986.
Graeme Murray Gallery, London. The Unpainted Landscape. London: Coracle Press; Edinburgh: Scottish Arts Council, 1987. (Published on the occasion of the Scottish Arts Council Touring Exhibition).
Kunsthalle, Basel. Mapping Spaces: A Topological Survey of the Work by James Turrell. New York: Peter Blum, 1987.
Stadtische Galerie Albstadt. Paradies und Umwelt: Mensch und Natur in der Graphik des 20. Jharhunderts, 1988 Vowinckel, Andreas and Czigens, Ilse. Natur-Skulptur=Nature-sculpture. Wurttenmbergischer Kunstverein Stuttgart, Kunstgebaude am Schlossplatz.Stuttgart: Der Kunstverein, 1981.
Art and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs: 1970-1979
Beardsley, John. Probing the Earth: Contemporary Land Projects. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1977.
Environmental Artist Books
Art and Art History: Artists' Books
Arcadia Id Est. A one day symposium at the University of West England, Bristol School of Art, Media and Design to accompany a touring exhibition of artists books on nature and the landscape April 15, 2005 . Site contains essays and images of the artists books. Exhibition tours until 2007. Barnes, Richard, Tim Collins, Reiko Goto, Jeannette Redensek, Victoria Trostle. Aqua Pura. San Francisco: San Francisco Art Commission, 1992.
Barton, Carol June. Loom. Bethesda, MD : C.J. Barton, 1989.
Blakely, George. The Deer Sayers. [s.l. : s.n.] (Philadelphia: Tyler School of Art) 1978.
Bucholz, Sue. You Waters! Rosendale, N.Y. : Women's Studio Workshop, 1990.
Carvalho, Josely. My Body is My Country. Hartford, Con.., Real Art Ways, 1991.
Chaplin, Bob. Mill River, River Mill: with associated music. Rochester, N.Y. : Visual Studies Workshop, 1997.
Clouse, Keith. Selected Preachings from the Soapbox of the Forest. [s.l. : s.n. 199-?]
Denes, Agnes. Book of Dust: The Beginning and the End of Time Thereafter. Rochester, N.Y.: Visual Studies Workshop, 1989.
Ekstrom, Linda. Bloodstains. Santa Barbara: University of California: Hand to Mouth Press,1994. One of ten works printed on everyday objects from Poetry in the Hand: Selected Poems of Joyce Carol Oates.
Gilbert, Sharon. Chemical Ways [s.l. : s.n.] 1997.
Gilbert, Sharon. Green: The Fragile [s.l.] : S. Gilbert, 1989.
Gilbert, Sharon. A Nuclear Atlas. Rosendale, N.Y. : Women's Studio Workshop, 1982. A collage of reproduced statistics, charts, diagrams, maps, news/media, scenarios and visual poetry on the 'visible and invisible' effects associated with the development of nuclear energy on Earth. Issues addressed include nuclear hazards and accidents, health risks, probablility of human negligence and site mismanagement, structural deterioration of nuclear sites, nuclear leaks and environmental absorption/contamination via food and water cycles, and circulation of nuclear fallout over the globe. The scattered quality of the text and images with the contrasty black and white retrograde-copier-like quality throughout elicits a feeling of disorder, alarm and nuclear winter. Codex; 28p (incl. cover); 29 cm. Gilbert, Sharon. Poison America. [s.l. ; s.n.] 1988.
Gilbert, Sharon. Three-Mile Island Reproductions (1-8). [s.l.] : S. Gilbert, 1979
Gordon, Coco, Thomas Mary Berry and Ed Sanders. Artists Perform from Their Ecological Source : Working to Re-open Major Life Systems of the Planet. New York: W Space Press, 1992.
Corresponding to a six-day art/health inquiry: FROM THE GUT AND THE WELL in THE ecoROOM... becoming conscious of the artist as iritant and gatherer in the process of reformulating human/earth balance and health. For the World Congress on Arts and Medicine, February 25- March 2. Funded my MedArts International. Includes a program of events, with the majority of the book comprising a page of work in words and/or images representing each of the artist participants or invited artists of varying backgrounds. Other artists include Sandra Semchuk, Barbara Roux, Michele Oka Doner, Jay Ashcraft, Betty Beaumont, Arleen Schloss, Helene Aylon, Regina Vater, Mollne Karnofsky, Ray Johnson, Ione, Ed Friedman, Alison Knowles, Katie Freygang, R.I.P. Hayman, Hanne Laurid?en, Mel Chin, P. Lowenberg, Pauline Oliveros, Donna Henes, Irene Javors, Cassandre Langer, Alex Grey, John Halpern, Hera, Karen Shaw, Edward Sanders..Mylar cover; page margins hole-punched and bound with a thin, black expandable "string" and a pencil that reads WE REOPEN MAJOR LIFE SYSTEMS. Horan, Leslie. The Power of Example. Pittsburgh, PA : Light Speed Press, 1987.
Maderick, Nick. Reenchantment of Place.Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA [s.n.] August 8, 1991- June 1, 1994. Four volumes documenting the on-site project.
McCarney, Scott. Far Horizons. Rochester, N.Y. : S. McCarney, 1998.
Minnesota Center for Book Arts. Betty Bright, curator. Completing the Circle: Artists' Books on the Environment. Minneapolis: Minnesota Center for Book Arts, 1992. Hirsch Farm Project. Mud: or, How Can Social and Local Histories Be Used as Methods of Conservation? Nothbrook, IL: Hirsch Farm Project, 1992.
Hirsch Farm Project. Optimism. Northbrook, Ill. : Hirsch Foundation, 1994.
Nannucci, Maurizio. Up Above the Wor(l)d: A World Guide for Aliens. Firenze: Exempla, 1981.
Neaderland, Louise Odes. The Killing Machine, Kosovo 1999. [Brooklyn, N.Y.? : L.O. Neaderland, 1999?]
Kelly, Rosie and David Whyte. Lost. [s.l.] : [s.n] 199?]
Nettles, Bea. Seasonal Turns: Four Accordian Books. [s.l : s.n.], 1998
Scharf, Kenny. Kenny Scharf, Jungle Book. Kyoto: Kyoto Shoin, 1989.
Silko, Leslie Marmon. Sacred Water: Narratives and Pictures. Tuscson, Arizona: Flood Plain Press, 1994. 2nd edition.
Stairs, David. Green. [s.l. : s.n.] 1993.
Stramaglia, Mark. A Guide to Going Outdoors. [s.l.]: King Chicken Enterprises [1992?]
Stramaglia, Mark. The Plasma Vortex: An Oxygen Destroyer. [s.l.] : King Chicken Enterprises, 1991.
Valence, Jeffrey. Blinky: The Friendly Hen. 2nd ed. Santa Moica, CA: Smart Art Press, 1996.
Van Westen, Jeroen. Orbis Terrarum Field Guide. [Netherlands?]: the artists, 1995
Wirth, Karen. Continental Drifiting: A Travel Book. [s.l.]: Karen M. Wirth, 1991.
About Christopher Alexander
Christopher Alexander is Professor in the Graduate School and Emeritus Professor of Architecture at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the father of the Pattern Language movement in computer science, and A Pattern Language, a seminal work that was perhaps the first complete book ever written in hypertext fashion. He has designed and built more than two hundred buildings on five continents: many of these buildings lay the ground work of a new form of architecture, which looks far into the future, yet has roots in ancient traditions. Much of his work has been based on inventions in technology, including, especially, inventions in concrete, shell design, and contracting procedures needed to attain a living architecture. He was the founder of the Center for Environmental Structure in 1967, and remains President of that Company until today. In 2000, he founded PatternLanguage.com, and is Chairman of the Board. He has been a consultant to city, county, and national governments on every continent, has advised corporations, government agencies, and architects and planners throughout the world. Alexander was elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1996, is a fellow of the Swedish Royal Society, has been the recipient of innumerable architectural prizes and honors including the gold medal for research of the American Institute of Architects, awarded in 1970. He was born in Vienna, Austria in 1936. He was raised in England, and holds a Master's Degree in Mathematics and a Bachelor's degree in Architecture from Cambridge University, and a PhD in Architecture from Harvard University. In 1958 he moved to the United States, and has lived in Berkeley, California from 1963 until the present.
Biography of Christopher Alexander
Stephen Grabow, CHRISTOPHER ALEXANDER: THE EVOLUTION OF A NEW PARADIGM IN ARCHITECTURE, Routledge Kegan Paul, London, 1983.
Japanese translation, published 1989.
PLACES FOR THE SOUL: THE ARCHITECTURE OF CHRISTOPHER ALEXANDER, Director, Ruth Landy, Producer, Cinema Consultants, San Francisco, 1990.
THE ARCHITECTURE OF CHRISTOPHER ALEXANDER, Director, Makoto Ozawa, NHK, Japan